Roy Harper (Rusholme, 12 giugno 1941) è un cantautore inglese. Il suo stile è caratterizzato da lunghe digressioni strumentali, da un particolare uso della voce e da testi spesso bizzarri.
Dopo la prematura morte della madre, a pochi giorni di distanza dalla sua nascita, si trasferisce a Blackpool con il padre e la matrigna, con la quale ebbe presto contrasti a causa della sua adesione al movimento religioso dei Testimoni di Geova. Il forte sentimento anti-religioso che maturò in questi anni costituirà uno dei temi costanti della sua produzione musicale. All'età di 10 anni cominciò a suonare musica skiffle insieme al fratello maggiore, David, e ebbe i primi contatti con la musica blues. Abbandonata la scuola all'età di 15 anni, entrò nella Royal Air Force. A causa della sua insofferenza per la rigida disciplina, arrivò ad una crisi nervosa che lo portò a subire la terapia elettroconvulsivante e, successivamente, il congedo. Harper vagabondò per l'Europa, guadagnandosi da vivere come artista di strada, fino al 1964, quando ritornò in Inghilterra e prese la residenza presso il famoso club folk Les Cousins, di Londra.
Il suo primo album, Sophisticated Beggar, fu registrato nel 1966 dopo che fu notato e scritturato da una piccola etichetta indie, la Strike Records di Peter Richard. La casa discografica CBS Records si rese conto del suo potenziale ed incaricò il produttore Shel Talmy per curare la realizzazione dell'album Come Out Fighting Ghengis Smith, con la sua traccia Circle che dura ben 11 minuti, che segnò un ampliamento notevole della sua fama oltre il ristretto mondo della musica folk. All'epoca fece un certo scalpore la copertina dell'album, che rappresentava un bambino appena nato con il cordone ombelicale ancora presente.
L'album Folkjokeopus (1969) è il complemento del precedente lavoro, con la sua versione di McGooghan's Blues della durata di 15 minuti. Sin dal maggio del 1968, Harper aveva iniziato a partecipare con regolarità ad una serie di concerti gratuiti che si tenevano a Londra in Hyde Park. Ciò gli procurò un certo seguito di pubblico nella scena underground londinese. Il suo primo tour negli Stati Uniti seguì l'uscita di Flat Baroque and Berserk nel 1970, che vedeva la partecipazione di The Nice nella traccia Hell's Angels. Il suono particolare di questo album fu realizzato collegando la chitarra acustica ad un pedale wah-wah. Inoltre questo lavoro segna l'inizio della collaborazione di Harper con la casa discografica Harvest Records.
Dopo il festival di Bath del 1970, i Led Zeppelin scrissero una canzone intitolata Hats Off to (Roy) Harper, che venne inserita nell'album Led Zeppelin III. Afferma Jimmy Page che il gruppo ammirava la fedeltà e la coerenza di Harper ai suoi principi, senza cedere alle pressioni delle case discografiche. L'apprezzamento reciproco del rispettivo lavoro portò Harper a partecipare frequentemente ai concerti dei Led Zeppelin. Infatti lungo il corso di tutta la decade vi furono collaborazioni reciproche: Harper contribuì all'album Physical Graffiti e comparì nel 1976 nel film The Song Remains the Same.
Nel 1971 apparve l'album, acclamato dalla critica, Stormcock, che vede la partecipazione di Jimmy Page alla chitarra (citato come "S. Flavius Mercurius") e con gli arrangiamenti orchestrali di David Bedford. Nel 1972 Harper debuttò come attore nel ruolo di Mike Preston al fianco di Carol White nel film di John Mackenzie, I profeti delle ore corte (Made). La colonna sonora venne pubblicata l'anno seguente con il titolo di Lifemask. Il successivo lavoro, Valentine, pubblicato il giorno di S.Valentino del 1974, vede ancora la collaborazione di Jimmy Page. In corrispondenza dell'uscita Harper tenne un concerto al Rainbow Theatre di Londra, a cui parteciparono Page, Bedford e Keith Moon. A breve fu pubblicato l'album dal vivo Flashes from the Archives of Oblivion.
Tra il 1975 ed il 1978 Harper trascorse lunghi periodi negli Stati Uniti. L'uscita dell'album Wish You Were Here dei Pink Floyd nel 1975 vide Harper come voce solista nella canzone Have a Cigar. David Gilmour restituì il favore con una apparizione nel successivo album di Harper, HQ, accompagnato da un gruppo riunito per l'occasione chiamato "Trigger" (Chris Spedding alla chitarra, Dave Cochran al basso, e Bill Bruford alla batteria), e con la partecipazione di John Paul Jones dai Led Zeppelin. Il singolo When an Old Cricketer Leaves the Crease tratto da quest'album rimane fino ad oggi il suo miglior successo per numero di vendite. Harper scrisse in collaborazione con Gilmour la canzone Short and Sweet, che apparve nel primo album solista di quest'ultimo, pubblicato nel 1978.
Controversa fu la pubblicazione di Bullinamingvase nel 1977, a causa di un verso della canzone Watford Gap dove si criticava la qualità del cibo servito nella stazione di servizio che porta lo stesso nome. Harper fu costretto ad eliminarla dalle copie dell'album pubblicate nel Regno Unito, anche se nelle versioni in vendita negli Stati Uniti, ed anche in una successiva ristampa su CD, era presente. Su questo lavoro compare anche la canzone One of Those Days in England, che aveva come "backing vocals" Paul McCartney e Linda McCartney e che divenne una 'Top 40 hit'. Nell'aprile 1978 Harper cominciò a scrivere i testi del nuovo album dei Led Zeppelin insieme a Jimmy Page, ma il progetto venne abbandonato al rientro di Robert Plant dall'anno sabbatico che si era imposto dopo la morte del figlio Karac.
Tra il 1975 e il 1979, Harper spese una considerevole quantità di tempo negli Stati Uniti. Durante questo periodo Harper firmò con la Chrysalis Records, che pubblicò HQ con una copertina e un titolo differente (When an Old Cricketer Leaves the Crease). La Chrysalis considerò la foto originale di copertina di Harper, dove lui camminava sull'acqua, troppo offensiva per una distribuzione Americana. Harper non fu d'accordo, ma non aveva scelta. La Chrysalis cambiò inoltre il titolo del suo successivo album, Bullinamingvase, in One of Those Days in England. Nel 1979, la Chrysalis redistribuì i primi quattro album della Harvest Records, e solo uno di questi (Flat, Baroque and Berserk) fu precedentemente pubblicato in America.
Per molti degli anni settanta, Harper è stato gestito e prodotto dalla British manager e dal produttore Peter Jenner, che inizialmente lavorava per la Blackhill Enterprises. Secondo Jenner, "Harper è un magnifico scrittore di canzoni, ma un po' pazzo".
Nel 1980, Harper cantò come "backing vocal" nella canzone Breathing, contenuta nell'album Never for Ever di Kate Bush.
L'album del 1982, Work of Heart, segnò la nascita della etichetta di Harper stesso insieme a Mark Thompson, chiamata Public Records. Durante tutto il 1984 Harper tenne una serie di concerti nel Regno Unito insieme a Jimmy Page, esibendosi con strumentazione acustica in vari festival folk. Insieme pubblicarono nel 1985 Whatever Happened to Jugula?. Il bassista Tony Franklin del gruppo di Harper più tardi si unì a Page nel gruppo The Firm.
Sin dal 1986 le apparizioni pubblica di Harper furono poco frequenti, anche se l'album del 1990 Once lo riportò ad un'altra serie di importanti collaborazioni (David Gilmour e Kate Bush).
Dopo la fine del suo matrimonio nel 1992, Harper compose l'album Death or Glory?. Nel 1995 cantò nell'album The Edges of Twilight dei The Tea Party, ed anche nella canzone Time presente nel loro CD multimedia del 1996, Alhambra. Nel 1998 Harper pubblicò The Dream Society, un "concept album" basato sulla sua vita, ed in particolar modo, la sua gioventù. Il cantante dei Jethro Tull, Ian Anderson collaborò, suonando il flauto, nella canzone These Fifty Years.
L'album del 2000, The Green Man è stato un lavoro completamente acustico, con l'aiuto di Jeff Martin dei The Tea Party alla chitarra ed altri strumenti.
Nel giugno 2001 Harper celebrò il suo sessantesimo compleanno con un concerto alla Royal Festival Hall di Londra, con la partecipazione di molti ospiti. Una registrazione del concerto fu pubblicata in un doppio CD.
Nel 2003, Harper ha pubblicato The Passions of Great Fortune, un libro in grande formato contenente i testi delle canzoni scritte fino a quel momento, corredate da numerose fotografie e commenti.
Nell'aprile 2005 pubblica il singolo The Death of God. Questa canzone di 13 minuti è una critica all'intervento armato in Iraq e vede la partecipazione del chitarrista Matt Churchill, che accompagna Harper anche nelle sue esibizioni dal vivo. Nel maggio 2005 pubblica Counter Culture, un doppio CD che raccoglie le canzoni di 35 anni di carriera.
Il 23 settembre 2013, a tredici anni di distanza dal precedente album di inediti The Green Man, pubblica Man and Myth. In due brani dell'album Pete Townshend suona la chitarra.
Dopo una carriera lunga 40 anni, Harper è stato insignito del premio Mojo Hero Award dalla redazione della rivista Mojo il 16 giugno 2005 alla Porchester Hall. La cerimonia di premiazione è stata presentata dall'amico di lunga data Jimmy Page.
Uno dei figli di Roy Harper, Nick, è un apprezzato cantautore. Nick occasionalmente collabora con il padre, e compare (come chitarrista) in parecchi album sin dal 1985.
Album in Studio[modifica | modifica wikitesto]
1966 - Sophisticated Beggar
1968 - Come Out Fighting Ghengis Smith
1969 - Folkjokeopus
1970 - Flat Baroque and Berserk
1971 - Stormcock
1973 - Lifemask
1974 - Valentine
1975 - HQ (pubblicato negli Stati Uniti con il titolo When an Old Cricketer Leaves the Crease)
1977 - Bullinamingvase (pubblicato negli Stati Uniti con il titolo One of those Days in England)
1980 - The Unknown Soldier
1982 - Work of Heart
1984 - Born in Captivity
1985 - Whatever Happened to Jugula? (con Jimmy Page)
1988 - Descendants of Smith
1988 - Loony on the Bus
1990 - Once
1992 - Death or Glory?
1994 - Commercial Breaks (album inciso nel 1977 che era rimasto inedito, 9 delle 12 tracce si trovano in Loony on the Bus)
1994 - Garden of Uranium (ristampa di Descendants of Smith)
1998 - The Dream Society
2000 - The Green Man
2013 - Man and Myth
Album dal vivo
1974 - Flashes From The Archives Of Oblivion
1986 - In Between Every Line
1992 - Born in Captivity II (edizione limitata solo su cassette)
1993 - Unhinged (Nuova versione di Born in Captivity II)
1996 - Live At Les Cousins
1997 - The BBC Tapes - Volume I (Cofanetto di 6 CD venduti separatamente)
1997 - The BBC Tapes - Volume II
1997 - The BBC Tapes - Volume III
1999 - The BBC Tapes - Volume IV
1997 - The BBC Tapes - Volume V
1997 - The BBC Tapes - Volume VI
2001 - Royal Festival Hall Live - June 10th 2001
Compilations, remixes, etc.
1978 - Harper 1970-1975
1994 - Death or Glory? (Tracce 1 & 9 remixate)
1994 - An Introduction to .....
1997 - Song of the Ages (Raccolta di 3 CD con interviste)
1997 - Poems, Speeches, Thoughts and Doodles (Raccolta di brani recitati)
2001 - Hats Off (Raccolta di collaborazioni)
2001 - East of the Sun (Raccolta di canzoni d'amore)
2002 - Today Is Yesterday (Raccolta di demo, materiale raro e non pubblicato precedentemente, del periodo 1964 - 1967)
2005 - Counter Culture
1973 - Lifemask
1985 - Whatever Happened to Jugula? (Con Jimmy Page)
Singoli / EP
1966 - Take Me Into Your Eyes / Pretty Baby
1967 - Midspring Dithering / Zengem
1968 - Life Goes By / Nobody's Got Any Money in the Summer
1972 - Bank of the Dead / Little Lady
1974 - (Don't You Think We're) Forever / Male Chauvinist Pig Blues
1974 - Home (Live) / Home (Studio)
1975 - When an Old Cricketer Leaves the Crease / Hallucinating Light (live)
1975 - Grown-Ups Are Just Silly Children / Referendum (Legend)
1977 - One of Those Days in England / Watford Gap
1977 - One of Those Days in England / Watford Gap [DEU]
1977 - Sail Away / Cherishing the Lonesome
1978 - When an Old Cricketer Leaves the Crease / Home (studio)
1980 - Playing Games / First Thing in the Morning
1980 - Short and Sweet / Water Sports / The Unknown Soldier
1982 - No-One Ever Gets Out Alive / Casualty (live - Glastonbury 1982)
1983 - I Still Care / Goodbye Ladybird (acustico)
1985 - Elizabeth / Advertisement / I Hate the White Man (live) (12" Single)
1988 - Laughing Inside (acustico)
1990 - Burn the World (Studio & Live 2 track CD)
1992 - The Methane Zone (4 track CD / EP)
2005 - The Death of God (2 track CD Single)
2005 - The Passions of Great Fortune, Vol.1 (iTunes Download)
1986 - Live in your Living Room
1990 - Once
2006 - Beyond the Door (DVD)
1972 - I profeti delle ore corte (Made)
1976 - The Song Remains the Same
Roy Harper playing at Widnes, 2001-09-22.
Aaro Koskinen - Opera propria
Roy Harper (born 12 June 1941) is an English folk rock singer, songwriter and guitarist who has been a professional musician since 1964. Harper has released 32 albums (including 10 live albums) across his 50-year career. As a musician, Harper is known for his distinctive fingerstyle playing and lengthy, lyrical, complex compositions, reflecting his love of jazz and the poet John Keats.
His influence upon other musicians has been acknowledged by Jimmy Page, Robert Plant, Pete Townshend, Kate Bush, Pink Floyd, and Ian Anderson of Jethro Tull, who said Harper was his "...primary influence as an acoustic guitarist and songwriter." Neil McCormick of The Daily Telegraph described him as "one of Britain's most complex and eloquent lyricists and genuinely original songwriters... much admired by his peers" Across the Atlantic his influence has been acknowledged by Seattle-based acoustic band Fleet Foxes, American musician and producer Jonathan Wilson and Californian harpist Joanna Newsom with whom he has also toured.
In 2005, Harper was awarded the MOJO Hero Award, and in 2013 a Lifetime Achievement Award at the BBC Radio 2 Folk Awards. His most recent album, Man and Myth, was released in 2013. In 2016, Harper celebrated his 75th birthday by performing concerts in Clonakilty, Birmingham, Manchester, London and Edinburgh.
Harper was born in 1941 in Rusholme, a suburb of Manchester. His mother, Muriel, died three weeks after he was born. From the age of 6, he lived in St Annes on Sea, a place he described as being "like a cemetery with bus stops". He was brought up by his father and stepmother, with whom he became disillusioned because of her Jehovah's Witness beliefs, although they reconciled in 1980, just before her death. His anti-religious views would later become a familiar theme within his music.
Harper began writing poems when he was 12. At the age of 13 he began playing skiffle music with his younger brother David ("Davey" on the album Flat Baroque and Berserk), as well as becoming influenced by blues music. At 14 he formed his first group (De Boys) with his brothers David and Harry. Harper was educated at King Edward VII School, Lytham St Annes, then a Grammar school and left at the age of 15 (1956) to join the Royal Air Force in order to follow an ambition to be a pilot. After two years Harper rejected the rigid discipline, feigned madness in order to obtain a military discharge and received an electroconvulsive therapy treatment at Princess Mary's RAF Hospital, Wendover. After being discharged from there, he spent one day inside the former 'Lancaster Moor Mental Institute' before escaping. These experiences would be recalled in "Committed", a song on Harper's debut album, Sophisticated Beggar. Upon his eventual exit from a troubled youth (around 1961) he busked around North Africa, Europe and London for a few years.
Musically, Harper's earliest influences were American blues musician Lead Belly and folk singer Woody Guthrie and, in his teens, jazz musician Miles Davis. Of the blues musicians Lead Belly, Big Bill Broonzy and Josh White Harper said they made music which "...seemed to be from a different planet ...We'd never heard anything like it. It changed our world overnight, a sledge hammer of a cultural change ...an equivalent would be to suddenly hear music from outer space". Harper was also exposed to classical music in his childhood and has pointed to the influence of Jean Sibelius's Karelia Suite. Lyrical influences include the 19th century Romantics, especially Shelley, and Keats's poem "Endymion". Harper has also cited the Beat poets as being highly influential, particularly Jack Kerouac.
Returning to the UK in 1964/65, Harper recorded some demo recordings and played his first paid performance at a poetry reading in Newcastle. Eventually he obtained a residency at London's famous Soho folk music club, Les Cousins in 1965, having been introduced to it by Peter Bellamy of the Young Tradition. Harpers first advertised performance was 5 October 1965. Within his first week Harper saw John Renbourn, Alexis Korner, Paul Simon, Alex Campbell and Bert Jansch play and he would play, associate, and 'rub shoulders' with other artists arriving later, including John Martyn, Joni Mitchell and Nick Drake.
1966–69: The first record deals
Harper's first album, Sophisticated Beggar, was recorded in 1966 after he was spotted at Les Cousins and signed to Peter Richards' Strike Records. The album consisted of Harper's songs and poetry backed by acoustic guitar, recorded with a Revox tape machine by Pierre Tubbs and with contributions from English guitarist Paul Brett.
Columbia Records recognised Harper's potential and hired American producer Shel Talmy to produce Harper's second album, Come Out Fighting Ghengis Smith, which was released in 1968. The 11 minute track "Circle", "a soundscape of Harper's difficult youth", was notable for marking a widening of his musical style away from the more traditional side of contemporary folk music heard at the time. Harper had an interest in traditional folk but did not consider himself a bona fide member of the folk scene. He later explained:
I was too much of a modernist, really. Just too modern for what was going on in the folk clubs. I wanted to modernise music, but more than that to completely modernise people's attitudes towards life in general. I was involved in trying to bring (more) meat to the (contemporary) folk music...(of the time).
Harper's record company had different expectations. "They wanted me to write commercial pop songs and when they heard the album I made for them, they didn’t have a clue. They wanted hits. And I gave them "Circle"". Bert Jansch contributed sleeve notes for the album and Harper paid tribute to Jansch with the song "Pretty Baby"; the B-Side non album track of his first single (released in March 1966). During this period, Harper was managed by American music entrepreneur Jo Lustig, manager of The Pentangle and former agent to Julie Felix.
In June 1968, Harper performed at the first free concert ever held at Hyde Park, acting as compere and sharing the bill with Jethro Tull, Pink Floyd and Tyrannosaurus Rex. At the time, he spoke of co-writing a rock opera with Pink Floyd. No opera resulted, but it was the beginning of a musical relationship. Harper began to attract a following of fans from the underground music scene and tour the UK, performing at numerous venues such as the Lyceum Ballroom, Klooks Kleek and Mothers; venues that would gradually gain recognition for the variety and quality of their musical acts. Mothers in Birmingham was one such venue, and one to which Harper would frequently return. Harper later told Brum Beat magazine:
That was the first club outside London that meant anything at all and that's why there's been this long association with Birmingham. I played there about six times between 1968 and 1970. I have always enjoyed playing here.
A track from Come Out Fighting Ghengis Smith, "Nobody's Got Any Money In The Summer" also appeared on the first bargain-priced sampler album, The Rock Machine Turns You On. The album was released in the UK, the Netherlands, Germany and a number of other European countries as part of an international marketing campaign by Columbia Records (known in Europe as CBS).
In 1969 Harper undertook a short 6-venue tour with Ron Geesin and Ralph McTell. The tour programme contained the introductory paragraph:
Roy Harper isn't an example of any category, the epitome of any movement or a rung on anybody's ladder; he built himself alone, piece by piece and his defiant character stands proud as if chiselled from belligerent granite.
That same year, Harper released his third album Folkjokeopus again produced by Shel Talmy, and released by Liberty Records. Side two included an extended 17-minute track, titled "McGoohan's Blues", which Harper referred to as the "main statement" within the album. Of his non-conformance to radio-friendly, standard, three-minute songs, Harper claimed it to be a revolt, and that he regarded the three-minute pop song as an anathema, a jingle to sell a band. (The title for "McGoohan's Blues" was a reference to actor Patrick McGoohan, who had starred in the UK TV series The Prisoner two years earlier). The track "Sergeant Sunshine" would also appear on Son of Gutbucket a 1969 sampler album released to promote artists on the Liberty Records label.
During this period Harper also visited the Dolphin Club in Oslo, Norway, where he became acquainted with folk singer Lillebjørn Nilsen. Nilsen learned one of Harper's songs, "On the First Day of April" which he translated to "Ravn Ferd" and recorded for his debut solo album Tilbake in 1971. Harper and Nilsen along with Finn Kalvik performed together on 23 January 1970 at a concert held in the University of Oslo. Harper's visit coincided with the emergence of the Norwegian 'folk music wave' (Visebølgen) and the Norwegian Broadcasting Corporation (NRK) recorded Harper on the occasion of the concert. Kalvik would later go on to record Norwegian versions of two Harper songs; "I Hate the White Man" ("Den hvite mann") and "Don't You Grieve" ("Kjære ikke gråt").
1970–80: The Harvest years
With Harper's reputation growing, Pink Floyd's manager Peter Jenner signed him to a long-term (and at times confrontational) deal with EMI's 'underground' subsidiary, Harvest Records. Over a ten-year period, Harper recorded eight albums at the Abbey Road Studios for the Harvest label and for much of this period was managed and produced by Jenner, initially acting for Blackhill Enterprises. According to Jenner, "Harper is a terrific songwriter, but a bit crazy".
Harper's first tour of the United States followed the release of his fourth studio album, Flat Baroque and Berserk. The album included the track "Another Day", a song destined to be performed live by Harper for many years to come, and covered by several other artists including Elizabeth Fraser and Kate Bush. The album also featured the Nice on the track "Hell's Angels"; its ethereal sound achieved by a wah-wah pedal attached to Harper's acoustic guitar.
After the Bath Festival of 1970, Led Zeppelin paid tribute to Harper with their version of the traditional song "Shake 'Em on Down". Retitled "Hats Off to (Roy) Harper", it appeared on the album Led Zeppelin III. According to Jimmy Page, the band admired the way Harper stood by his principles and did not sell out to commercial pressures. In mutual appreciation of their work, Harper would often attend live performances by Led Zeppelin over the subsequent decade, contributed sleeve photography to the album Physical Graffiti and also appeared, albeit uncredited, in the 1976 Led Zeppelin documentary film, The Song Remains the Same.
Harper's critically acclaimed 1971 album was a four-song epic, Stormcock. The album featured Jimmy Page on guitar (credited as "S. Flavius Mercurius" for contractual reasons) and David Bedford's orchestral arrangements (Bedford would also collaborate on some of Harper's future releases). Harper felt the album to be not particularly well promoted by his record label at the time and later stated:
They hated Stormcock. No singles. No way of promoting it on the radio. They said there wasn't any money to market it. Stormcock dribbled out.
Nevertheless, Stormcock would remain a favourite album of Harper's fans and influence musicians for decades to come. Thirty-five years later (in 2006) fellow Mancunian Johnny Marr of English alternative rock band the Smiths said:
If ever there was a secret weapon of a record it would be Stormcock... It's intense and beautiful and clever: Bowie's Hunky Dory's big, badder brother.
Joanna Newsom cited Stormcock as an influence upon her 2006 release Ys and in 2011, Robin Pecknold of Seattle, Washington-based folk band Fleet Foxes stated that he took inspiration from Stormcock when recording Fleet Foxes second album Helplessness Blues.
In 1972, Harper made his acting debut playing Mike Preston alongside Carol White in the John Mackenzie film Made. The film was chosen (along with A Clockwork Orange) to represent Britain at the Venice Film Festival. Harper also recorded the soundtrack for the film, released the following year as Lifemask. At the time, Lifemask was created as Harper's final bow, as he had been diagnosed with the (then) little-known genetic condition HHT, which caused polycythemia, incapacitating him. The cover art shows Harper's life mask, as opposed to the 'death mask' it might have been.
After recovering (treatment involved frequent venesection), his next album (Valentine) was released on Valentine's Day, 14 February 1974, and featured contributions from Jimmy Page. A concert to mark its release was held on the same day at London's Rainbow Theatre, with Page, Bedford, Max Middleton, Ronnie Lane and Keith Moon performing alongside Harper. His first live album Flashes from the Archives of Oblivion, featuring two tracks recorded at that concert, soon followed.
Pink Floyd's 1975 release Wish You Were Here saw Harper sing lead vocals on the song "Have a Cigar". Roger Waters intended to record the part himself, but had strained his voice while recording "Shine On You Crazy Diamond" and David Gilmour declined to sing. Harper was recording his album HQ in Studio 2 of Abbey Road at the same time as Pink Floyd were working in Studio 3; learning of the band's dilemma, Harper offered to sing the lead. The song is one of only two songs by Pink Floyd not sung by one of their permanent members. David Gilmour returned the favour by appearing on HQ, along with Harper's occasional backing band, 'Trigger' (Chris Spedding, Dave Cochran, Bill Bruford and John Paul Jones). The single "When an Old Cricketer Leaves the Crease", taken from HQ, is one of Harper's best known songs. Harper also co-wrote the song "Short and Sweet" with Gilmour for Gilmour's first solo record, David Gilmour, released in 1978.
Controversy followed the release of 1977's Bullinamingvase. The owners of Watford Gap service station objected to criticism of their food – "Watford Gap, Watford Gap/A plate of grease and a load of crap..." – in the lyrics of the song "Watford Gap", as did an EMI board member who was also a non-executive director of Blue Boar (the owners of the service station). Harper was forced to drop it from future UK copies of the album, though it remained on the US LP and reappeared on a later CD reissues. The album also featured the song "One of Those Days in England", with backing vocals by Paul McCartney and Linda; the single from the album went to number 42 in the UK charts. During this period, Harper's band were renamed 'Chips' and included Andy Roberts, Dave Lawson, Henry McCullough, John Halsey and Dave Cochran. In April 1978, Harper began writing lyrics for the next Led Zeppelin album with Jimmy Page, but the project was shelved when lead singer Robert Plant returned from a sabbatical after the death of his son, Karac Pendragon.
Following the success of Bullinamingvase, Harper was asked "to write another record quickly". Demo recordings with Harper's newly formed backing band 'Black Sheep' (Andy Roberts, Dave Lawson, Henry McCullough, John Halsey and Dave Cochran, a.k.a. Dave C. Drill) were made, but Harper felt them to be rushed. The record company who "...were in the first stages of a collapse in sales..." were not interested in the recordings, nor were they prepared to provide studio time when requested, telling Harper to come back in six months. As a result, Harper withheld the publishing rights to that which had been recorded; an album provisionally entitled Commercial Breaks (doesn't it?) and was (in his own words) "outlawed" by the record company.
From 1975 to 1980 Harper worked with English musician and 'Black Sheep' member Andy Roberts sometimes performing as a duo. During this period, Harper spent considerable time in the United States and signed with the US division of Chrysalis Records, who released HQ under a different title – When an Old Cricketer Leaves the Crease – and with alternative artwork. Chrysalis considered the original Hipgnosis-designed album cover of Harper walking on water to be too offensive for an American release. Harper disagreed, but was given no choice by the label. Chrysalis also changed the title of Harper's next album, Bullinamingvase, to One of Those Days in England. In 1978, US Chrysalis reissued Harper's first five Harvest albums, only one of which (Flat, Baroque and Berserk) had been previously released in America.
On 28 December 1979, BBC TV aired the Kate Bush Christmas Special. As well as playing songs from her first two albums, Bush and her guest, Peter Gabriel, performed Harper's "Another Day". Their duet was discussed for release as a single, but never appeared.
Harper returned to the studio a few years after his dispute with EMI to record and prepare his next album The Unknown Soldier (1980). At the time, Harper knew it would be his last release on the label and it was these demos that "...were destined to gather dust on a shelf labelled 'Commercial Breaks'...". (It was not until Harper's 1988 release Loony on the Bus that some of these songs became officially available, and another six years until the album was finally released as Commercial Breaks (1994)).
In 1980 Harper released The Unknown Soldier, which was indeed his final Harvest release. The album contains a duet with Kate Bush on the track "You". Harper later reciprocated by singing backing vocals on "Breathing" on Bush's album Never For Ever; Bush's first no. 1 album, the first ever album by a British female solo artist to top the UK album chart, and the first album by any female solo artist to enter the chart at no. 1. Bush thanked Harper on the album's cover for "holding onto the poet in his music". During a BBC Radio interview by Paul Gambaccini, Bush praised Harper, stating:
Roy is one of the greatest English songwriters we've had, and people just don't realise it. And I really think that when they do we're going to have another top songwriter up there. He's brilliant.
Of Bush, Harper later said,
Kate is a fantastic musician and very professional as well. Working with Kate is a very smooth operation because she always knows what she wants to do, surprising you too, which is what good musicians always do"
A decade later, Harper and Bush would again collaborate on his 1990 release Once.
1981–89: Recession and repossession
Harper's 1982 album Work of Heart was released on Public Records, a newly formed record label Harper created with Mark Thompson (son of English historian, socialist and peace campaigner E.P. Thompson and brother of Kate Thompson). During this period Harper toured with a band consisting of Tony Franklin on Bass, Bob Wilson of the Steve Gibbons Band, George Jackson on drums and Dave Morris on keyboards. The album was chosen by Derek Jewell of The Sunday Times as "Album of the Year" in 1982, but it did not sell well and the short-lived label went under.
During this period Harper lost his home, a farm in the village of Marden, Herefordshire, to the bank. Of this period Harper stated:
...I can proudly say that I was one of the first casualties of the eighties recession!... It was a chaotic period and one that I don't care to remember that often... There is no doubt in my own mind that the early eighties were the nadir of my life in music".
The original demo version of Work of Heart was later released (in 1984) on a limited edition (830 copies) vinyl release entitled Born in Captivity.
Throughout 1984, Harper toured the United Kingdom with Jimmy Page performing a predominantly acoustic set at folk festivals under various guises such as the MacGregors, and Themselves. In 1985, Whatever Happened to Jugula? was released. The album caused a resurgence of interest in Harper and his music. (Tony Franklin, bass player in Harper's group at this time, later joined Page in the Firm). In April 1984, Harper and Gilmour performed "Short and Sweet" (a song they co-wrote) during Gilmour's three-night run at The Hammersmith Odeon. This version later appeared on the David Gilmour Live 1984 concert film. Harper also provided backing vocals on Gilmour's newly released album, About Face.
On 20 June 1984 Harper performed at the last Stonehenge Free Festival along with Hawkwind and the Enid. The concert was videoed and released as Stonehenge 84.
As a result of his continual touring and the popularity of Whatever Happened to Jugula?, Harper re-signed to EMI and in 1986 released a live album, In Between Every Line (containing recordings from his performances at the Cambridge Folk Festival), and in 1988 the studio album, Descendants of Smith. The renewed relationship between Harper and EMI did not last and from 1985 more of his earlier albums were becoming available on the newly formed Awareness Records label.
1988 also saw the release of Loony on the Bus, a collection of tracks recorded a decade earlier and intended for release in 1977 as Commercial Breaks (with the sub-title, 'doesn't it?'). The original release having been held back because of disputes over funding and content between Harper and EMI. Sales of Loony on the Bus would fund Harper's 1990 release; Once.
1990–99: Science Friction
In 1993 Harper established his own record label Science Friction and obtained the rights to all his previously released albums. As a result, from 1994 much of Harper's back catalogue became available on CD once more.
Harper was very productive during the decade, releasing five studio albums: Once (1990), Death or Glory? (1992), Commercial Breaks (1994), The Dream Society (1998), a collection of poetry and spoken word tracks Poems, Speeches, Thoughts and Doodles (1997); two live albums: Unhinged (1993) and Live At Les Cousins (1996; recorded in 1969) and six individual CDs of live concerts and sessions recorded by the BBC (1997). Two official C90 cassette tapes of concerts at the Red Lion in Birmingham (1984 & 1985) were made available from Harper's agency (Acorn Entertainments).
In addition, Harper released a live video, Once (1990), an EP Burn the World (1990), a 4-track CD single Death or Glory? (1992), a limited edition live cassette Born in Captivity II (1992) (featuring cricketer Graeme Fowler and a cricket poem written by Harper: "Three Hundred Words"), a compilation album An Introduction to ..... (1994), and a reissue of Descendants of Smith (his 1988 release) renamed Garden of Uranium (1994).
Once again Harper collaborated with David Gilmour and Kate Bush on his 1990 release, Once. The album also featured contributions from Nigel Mazlyn Jones, Mark Feltham and Tony Franklin. One of the album tracks, "The Black Cloud of Islam" a song written about Colonel Gaddafi, the Lockerbie bombing, and a despairing castigation of radical Islam, provoked criticism from some of Harper's fans at the time. Whilst religion, Harper's "first and only enemy" has always been a recurring theme in his music, he was 'red-carded by a lot of his 1990 following... who left in substantial numbers'.
In 1992, his second marriage ended and Harper released Death or Glory? an album that (upon its original release) contained a number of songs and spoken word pieces referencing his loss and pain. "She ran off with someone else" said Harper, "a violin player (Nigel Kennedy) I’d been working on an adaptation of Brahms's Violin Concerto with. I was really traumatised by that. Anybody who's been suddenly left like that will know it's very, very traumatic. I managed to come out of it, but it took about five years. It was like a death, a loss, like being told your child's been killed in a war. There's no other way to describe it. When you go through that, it changes your life forever, there's no point in not admitting it. I withdrew, retreated, became an exile".
Throughout the decade, Harper's musical influence began to be recognised by a younger generation of musicians, some of whom covered his songs or invited him to make guest appearances on their albums. In 1995 Harper contributed spoken words on the Tea Party's 1995 album The Edges of Twilight, and appeared on stage for their New Year concert in Montreal. In 1996 Roy recited "Bad Speech" from his album Whatever Happened to Jugula? on Anathemas album Eternity (the album also contains a cover version of "Hope" from the same album). The track "Time" from The Tea Party's 1996 multimedia CD, Alhambra, was sung and co-written by Harper.
Harper contributed his version of Jethro Tull's song, "Up the 'Pool" (from Living in the Past) for the 1996 tribute album, To Cry You A Song – A Collection Of Tull Tales, a version Anderson liked so much he began to perform the "forgotten piece" again in concert and later described it as his favourite Jethro Tull cover song.
In 1998, Jethro Tull singer Ian Anderson contributed flute to the song, "These Fifty Years" on Harper's The Dream Society, an album based on emotional, philosophical and actual events in Harper's life. Views of procreation, his mother's continued presence in him and something of his psychological impulses are punctuated by a couple of moments of satire, a love song and a lament, followed by the lengthy "These Fifty years", of which he has said, "In some ways its (anti-organised religion) theme is similar to 'The Same Old Rock', but in many others I think it's stronger". Reportedly, Anderson said that the only reason he originally left Blackpool was because Harper did. Other artists who covered Harper's songs (or songs on his albums) throughout the decade include Dean Carter, Ava Cherry & The Astronettes, Green Crown, The Kitchen Cynics, the Levellers, Roydan Styles and Pete Townshend. Harper also undertook a short tour of the US, where some performances were supported by Daevid Allen, former Soft Machine and Gong band member.
2000–10: Into the new millennium
In 2000, Harper released an almost entirely acoustic album, The Green Man, accompanied by The Tea Party's Jeff Martin on guitar, hurdy-gurdy and numerous other instruments. The following year (2001) Harper celebrated his 60th birthday with a concert performance at London's Royal Festival Hall and was joined by numerous guest artists including; David Bedford, Nick Harper, Jeff Martin and John Renbourn. The concert was recorded and released shortly after as a double CD, Royal Festival Hall Live – June 10th 2001.
In 2003, Harper published The Passions of Great Fortune, a large format book containing all the lyrics to his albums (and singles) to date, it also contained a wealth of photographs and commentary on his songs.
Harper released his second CD single in April 2005; "The Death of God". The 13 minute song, a critique of the war in Iraq, featured guest guitarist Matt Churchill (who also performed live with Harper during this period). A video of the track, intermixing animation with a live performance, is available in four parts on YouTube. 2003 also saw the release of Counter Culture, a double compilation album featuring songs from Harper's 35 year songwriting period. Counter Culture received a five-star review from UNCUT magazine. Harper also contributed a recital of "Jabberwocky" for The Wildlife Album, an 18-track compilation CD to benefit the World Wide Fund For Nature and the Ulster Wildlife Trust.
2005 saw Harper release his first DVD, Beyond the Door. Composed of live footage recorded in 2004 at Irish folk club "De Barra's" in Clonakilty, Cork and "The Death of God" video. The package also includes an additional 10-track audio CD and received a 4-star review from Mojo, UNCUT, and Classic Rock magazine, who made it their "DVD of the month".
In September 2007, Harper supported Californian harpist Joanna Newsom at her Royal Albert Hall performance. Newsom, impressed by Harper's 1971 album Stormcock found it served as an inspiration for her similarly expansive second album, Ys. During his Royal Albert Hall appearance with Newsom, Harper played Stormcock in its entirety. At the time, Harper made an announcement on his website that he was "...taking a break from the live scene... retired from gigging..." and just wanted "...the time and space to write..."
During this period, Harper dedicated his time to collecting and compiling his life's work in various formats. One of the intended projects was to be the making of a documentary DVD to round off this process. However, as of 2016 this remains unreleased.
In 2008, plans were announced for a Roy Harper tribute album. The album, What You Need Is What You Have, The Songs of Roy Harper was being compiled by Laurel Canyon folk singer, musician and producer Jonathan Wilson, and was to feature Chris Robinson (the Black Crowes), Gary Louris (the Jayhawks), Johnathan Rice, Eric Johnson (Fruit Bats, the Shins), Benji Hughes, Will Oldham, Andy Cabic, Dawes, Jenny O., Josh Tillman and others. At present, the collection remains unfinished, having been delayed beyond its planned 2009 release date. Six of the tracks can be heard on the project's Myspace page.
In 2010, Newsom once again invited Harper to guest for her on several of her European Tour Dates.
Plans for Harper to star as Rodriguez El Toro in the film Rebel City Rumble were also announced. As of 2016 the project is still categorised as 'in development'.
2011–present: Man and Myth
On 2 April 2011, Roy Harper played a concert for a small audience at Metropolis Studios as part of the ITV Legends series. The concert was recorded on video and released on DVD as Classic Rock Legends: Roy Harper - Live In Concert At Metropolis Studios. The package also contains an audio CD of the concert. Through the summer of 2011, Harper made a number of appearances on broadcast media. On 24 July 2011, Harper appeared as the lunchtime guest on the British cricketing radio programme, Test Match Special. During the show Harper was interviewed and also performed "When An Old Cricketer Leaves The Crease". A televised interview followed on BBC Breakfast on the 19 September 2011, and Harper was also interviewed by Robert Elms on his BBC London 94.9 show on the 20 September 2011. During the show, Harper performed "Another Day" (a song from his 1970 album Flat Baroque and Berserk) live in the studio. A further interview took place on Mike Hardings BBC Radio 2 show on the 21 September 2011.
On 23 September Harper was interviewed on Later... with Jools Holland. A segment of Harper performing "Commune" (from his 1974 album Valentine) on The Old Grey Whistle Test in 1974 was shown. Harper performed "Another Day", an abbreviated version of "I Hate The White Man" (from his 1970 album Flat Baroque and Berserk) and "The Green Man" (as part of a web exclusive performance).
The media appearances were to promote the release of a new compilation album, Songs of Love and Loss, a compilation of Harper's love songs released as an introduction to the digital release of 19 of Harper's albums for the first time. The digital catalogue was to be released in batches of four over the forthcoming months. The album (and most of Harper's back catalogue) remain available to download on Harper's website in FLAC and MP3 formats.
On 5 November 2011 Harper returned to London's Royal Festival Hall to celebrate his 70th birthday and perform once again with special guests Jonathan Wilson, Nick Harper, Joanna Newsom and Jimmy Page. The performance was described in the media as "...an evening of devastating musical brilliance..." and an "...historic concert".
In 2012, the Press Photographers Association of Ireland awarded third place in the Portraits section of their annual competition to a photographic portrait of Harper by photographer Alan Place.
In December 2012, plans to release a new album, Harper's first studio release of newly recorded material for 13 years, were confirmed. The album, Man and Myth, featured contributions from Pete Townshend and Jonathan Wilson, and was released 23 September 2013.
Harper performed live through August 2013, playing at Debarras Folk Club in Clonakilty, West Cork, Ireland (11 August), at the Green Man Festival in Glanusk, Wales (17 August) and at Beautiful Days in Escot Park, Devon (18 August).
During this period Harper was interviewed by Laura Rawlings on her BBC Radio Bristol show on 15 August 2013, and also by Rob Hughes of the Telegraph Online who declared "Roy Harper has spent the past five decades crafting some of the most vivid, ravishingly beautiful music of our times...". Harper also performed at an in-store performance at Rough Trade East, London. A limited number of tickets were available to those who purchased the album in store that day, and the event was also streamed live to a limited number of fans who had pre-ordered the album.
On 25 September Sky Arts broadcast "Roy Harper: Man & Myth – The Documentary". An exclusive documentary film, shot mainly at Harper's home in Ireland, it traced Harper's career and examined his output. Included were interviews with fellow musicians Jimmy Page, Robert Plant and Johnny Marr.
In support of Man and Myth's release, Harper undertook a short, three-date, UK tour, performing at the Royal Festival Hall, London (22 October), the Bridgewater Hall, Manchester (25 October) and the Colston Hall, Bristol (27 October). At each performance he was accompanied by Jonathan Wilson and supported by a string and brass ensemble.
In November 2013, Uncut placed Man & Myth at 6 in their top 50 Albums of 2013. Mojo also placed Man and Myth at 39 in their list of the top 50 Albums of 2013.
In April 2016, to celebrate his 75th Birthday, Harper announced four concerts in September with string and brass ensemble. The shows are planned for Birmingham, Manchester, London and Edinburgh.
HQ was awarded Record of the Year in Portugal in 1975. That year Harper also received a similar award in Finland for the same record.
Work of Heart was named The Sunday Times Album of the Year in 1982.
Harper was given the MOJO Hero Award by the staff of Mojo magazine on 16 June 2005 at the Porchester Hall, Central London. The award itself was presented by longtime collaborator and friend, Jimmy Page and now hangs upon the wall at De Barras Folk Club in Clonakilty, Ireland.
On 30 January 2013, Harper was awarded a Lifetime Achievement Award at the BBC Radio 2 Folk Awards at the Glasgow Royal Concert Hall.
One of Harper's sons, Nick Harper, is a singer-songwriter. He has occasionally toured and recorded with his father and appeared as a guitarist on a number of his albums since 1985. Another son, Ben Harper (by English actress Verna Harvey) lives in the US.
On 15 November 2013, Harper was charged with alleged historic sexual abuse. In response, Harper posted on his Facebook page and Twitter feed that he "...vigorously denies the allegations that have been made against him and looks forward to clearing his name." The trial started on 20 January 2015 and on 5 February 2015 Harper was unanimously acquitted by a jury of indecent assault. The following day, Harper was cleared of a second charge of indecent assault, and the jury at Worcester Crown Court was discharged after failing to reach verdicts on the remaining charges. According to the BBC, the judge Robert Juckes QC then gave the prosecution two weeks to consider whether they wished to seek a re-trial on the undecided charges, but it wasn't until 9 November 2015 that the prosecution announced that they were dropping all allegations of sexual abuse against Harper and the Crown Prosecution Service would offer no evidence against him following a review by the Director of Public Prosecutions, Alison Saunders.
Outside court, in a statement issued by his legal team, Harper said he had always maintained his innocence and that:
the case should never have gone as far as this, or taken so long to resolve. The psychological and personal cost to my wife and myself has been enormous and the financial cost hugely unfair. I lost my livelihood and I spent my savings... and more, on my defence... I thank my lawyers for standing by me and working so hard to show the truth. Despite coming out of this without a blemish on my name, I cannot recoup my costs and that's left me incredibly angry. I’m now going to restart my working life where I left off nearly three years ago.
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16 feb 2017 - Caricato da giulio carolettiRoy Harper, vocals, acoustic & electric guitars, hammond organ & assorted Recorded in December 1970 ...