mercoledì 9 novembre 2016

Harold Cazneaux (30 March 1878 – 19 June 1953) Photographer

Harold Cazneaux

Harold Cazneaux (30 Marzo 1878 - 19 Giugno 1953) è stato un fotografo pittorico australiano; un pioniere il cui stile ha avuto un impatto indelebile sullo sviluppo della storia della fotografia australiana. Nel 1916, è stato uno dei fondatori della  Sydney Camera Circle. Come partecipante regolare in mostre nazionali ed internazionali, Cazneaux era risoluto nel suo desiderio di contribuire alla discussione sulla fotografia dei suoi tempi. Ha creato alcune delle immagini più memorabili del primo Novecento.

 
 
Evening fall  circa 1908

Harold Cazneaux (30 March 1878 – 19 June 1953) was an Australian pictorialist photographer; a pioneer whose style had an indelible impact on the development of Australian photographic history. In 1916, he was a founder of the Pictorialist Sydney Camera Circle. As a regular participator in national and international exhibitions, Cazneaux was unfaltering in his desire to contribute to the discussion about the photography of his times. He created some of the most memorable images of the early twentieth century.

 

Biography

Harold Pierce Cazneau (he added an "x" to his surname in 1904 to acknowledge his Huguenot ancestry) was born in Wellington, New Zealand to Australian parents who returned home after some years.
For many years, Cazneaux's prints were exhibited in solo shows in the windows of the Kodak Salon, Sydney, as well as international shows organised by the London Salon of Photography (1911 to 1952), and later included in the Royal Photographic Society of Great Britain's annual salons. In 1914 he won Kodak's "Happy Moment" competition, and the £100 prize money went to a deposit for his future home.
He was a founder of the Pictorialist Sydney Camera Circle whose "manifesto" was drawn up and signed on 28 November 1916 by a group of six photographers: Cecil Bostock, James Stening, W. S. White, Malcolm McKinnon and James Paton, later joined by Henri Mallard. They pledged "to work and to advance pictorial photography and to show our own Australia in terms of sunlight rather than those of greyness and dismal shadows".
In 1921 he was elected a member of the London Salon and in 1937 he was the first Australian to be conferred an Honorary Fellowship by the Royal Photographic Society. Beyond his photographic oeuvre, Cazneaux was also a prolific writer. As a correspondent for Photograms of the Year (UK) for more than twenty years, he was the international voice of Australian photography. He was official photographer for Sydney Ure Smith’s lifestyle magazine The Home from 1920 to 1941, and was commissioned to produce images for a number of Ure Smith’s publications, including Sydney Surfing (1929), The Bridge Book (1930), The Sydney Book (1931) and The Australian Native Bear Book (1932).

The use of light was a defining characteristic of Cazneaux’s later work and in 1916 he and others formed the Sydney Camera Circle, establishing the so-called ‘Sunshine School’ of photography. The Circle was created for a number of important reasons: it embraced the particularities of Australian light and landscape, and was a move away from the English-inspired darker imagery dominating photographic practice at that time.
Cazneaux's work was championed for decades by the editor of The Home magazine, Sydney Ure Smith.
The National Library of Australia is the home of the principal archive of Cazneaux prints and negatives, thanks to the generosity of the Cazneaux family. The Art Gallery of New South Wales also has a fine collection of Cazneaux’s work, and was the first Australian museum to hold a major exhibition of his work in 1975.
The exhibition Harold Cazneaux: artist in photography at the Art Gallery of New South Wales in June and July 2008 included more than 100 of his iconic images, exploring the breadth and depth of his work such as landscape, portraits, the harbour and the city.

An exhibition of his photographs, called "Thoroughly modern Sydney: 1920s and 30s glamour and style" was held at the Museum of Sydney, in Sydney in August–October 2006. It was assembled largely from images he took for the Australian magazine "Home", though it also included new prints from previously unpublished negatives. The subject ranged across "all that was fashionable and new" at that time, covering architecture, art and interior design, and also including many portraits of Australians then active in those fields.
He married Winifred, and had five daughters, including Joan and Rainbow, and a son, Harold, who died aged 21 at Tobruk in 1941. The entrepreneur and adventurer Dick Smith is his grandson.
Cazneaux lived for much of his life in the Sydney suburb of Roseville. His home, a Federation cottage called Ambleside, is located in Dudley Avenue, but was sadly neglected as of 2012.

The Cazneaux Tree

One of Cazneaux's most famous images was taken on 1937, of a solitary river red gum tree, near Wilpena Pound in the Flinders Ranges of South Australia. The title he gave to the photograph was "The Spirit of Endurance", for the qualities he felt epitomised the tree's survival in a harsh environment.
The tree still stands and, known as "The Cazneaux Tree", is a notable landmark within the Flinders Ranges National Park, classified as number 239 on the National Trust of South Australia's Register of Significant Trees.




 Watson's and Mosman's Bay
1904 

Self portrait - Harold Cazneaux
1904

The orphan sisters
1906

 Meditation (Gracie Macbeth)
circa 1904-circa 1908

Ferryboat, early morning
1908

Mountain scene, Katoomba
1908

Untitled (early interior with seated woman)
circa 1908

While the billy boils
1908


Untitled (hurrying figures in Martin Place)
1904-1910

Silver and grey, Circular Quay
pre 1910

Harold CAZNEAUX 'Balloon blowers' c.1910 Purchased 1982

Beachcombers
circa 1910, printed later

Untitled (man with pram, George Street)
circa 1910


Untitled (Pyrmont bridge at dusk)
circa 1911

 The outlook
1911-1912

Pavement artist
1914

The bent tree, Narrabeen
1914

Untitled (Children of the artist)
1916

Mask and model (Gayfield Shaw)
circa 1918

Peace after war and memories
1918

Spring time
1918-1919

Norman Carter in his studio
1919

Boys with hose, fire at Redfern
1919

 Norman Lindsay at Springwood, 1919 photo by Harold Cazneaux State Library of New South Wales


Model at studio door, Springwood
circa 1920


 
Old High School, Castlereagh St
circa 1920

Model in Norman Lindsay's garden, Springwood
circa 1920


Blossom
1920

 Flower seller, Macquarie Place
pre 1920

Norman Lindsay with Beethoven's death mask
circa 1921


 Julian Ashton with life model
1920-1922

 
The debut
1922



Grecian dance
1924

 
Flannel flower stall
circa 1924

 The Canyon, Martin Place
1925

The etcher (Lionel Lindsay 1874-1961)
1925


Bertram Mackennal
1927

 George Lambert with Arthur Murch
1929

 Doris Zinkeisen with her brushes
1929

 Doris Zinkeisen
1929

 Sun portrait (Lesley Sugden)
1931

The veil, Miss Lesley Sugden
1931


Life class, The Sydney Art School
1931

The surf wheel
1931

Portrait in sunshine (Patricia Minchin)
1931

Sun pattern (Dorothy Gadsby)
(1931)

 
Diana (Archibald Fountain at night)
1933

 Lino-cuts: Frensham School
1934

 
Australian Gum
1935


Backstage
1936

 Noonday shade
1935-1937

Spirit of endurance
1937


Nora Heysen
1939

 


Cazneaux, Harold

...a suivre...

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