domenica 6 novembre 2016

Carlos Latuff (born November 30, 1968) Cartoonist Activist


Carlos Latuff

Carlos Henrique Latuff de Sousa (Rio de Janeiro, 30 novembre 1968) è un disegnatore brasiliano, specializzato in satira politica.

Biografia

I suoi lavori affrontano con una serie di temi, tra cui antiglobalizzazione, anticapitalismo, pacifismo e antimilitarismo, soprattutto nei confronti delle ultime guerre condotte dagli Stati Uniti. È molto conosciuto per le sue vignette sul conflitto israelo-palestinese e, più recentemente, sulla Primavera araba. Lo stesso Latuff ha descritto il suo lavoro come controverso.Latuff è di origine libanese.

 Che Guevara in veste di guerrigliero palestinese
Che Guevara wearing a keffiyeh
Graphic art by Carlos Latuff, published on UK Indymedia website in 2002.

Carlos Latuff (born November 30, 1968) is a Brazilian freelance political cartoonist. His works deal with an array of themes, including anti-Zionism, anti-globalization, anti-capitalism, and anti-U.S. military intervention. He is best known for his images depicting the Israeli–Palestinian conflict and the Arab Spring events.
Some of Latuff's cartoons comparing Israel to Nazism have been accused of being antisemitic by the Simon Wiesenthal Center and some authors. Latuff has dismissed the charges of antisemitism as "a strategy for discrediting criticism of Israel." while book reviewer Eddie Portnoy in The Forward has stated that while his message is "furiously critical" of Israel, it is not anti-Semitic.

Early life

Latuff was born in the neighborhood of São Cristóvão in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, and is of Lebanese ancestry; in his own words he has "Arab roots".

History

Latuff started as a cartoonist for leftist publications in Brazil. After watching a 1997 documentary about the Zapatistas in Mexico, he sent a couple of cartoons to them, which received a positive response. He stated that after this experience, he decided to start a website and engage in "artistic activism". Graham Fowell, ex-chairman of the Cartoonists' Club of Great Britain, compares his work to Banksy, an English-based graffiti artist, political activist and film director.
Latuff has been arrested three times in Brazil for his cartoons about the Brazilian police, in which he criticized police brutality.
In 2011, Latuff was contacted by activists in Egypt. Latuff stated that he was encouraged when he saw some of his cartoons depicted in the January 25 Egyptian protests, a couple of days after he made them. According to Reuters, this helped him become "a hero of the tumultuous Arab Spring with rapid-fire satirical sketches".

Published works

Latuff's works have been posted mostly by himself on Indymedia websites and private blogs. However, some of them have been picked up and featured in magazines such as the Brazilian edition of Mad, Le Monde Diplomatique and the The Toronto Star. In addition, a few of his works were published on Arab websites and publications such as the Islamic Front for the Iraqi Resistance (JAMI) magazine, the Saudi magazine Character, the Lebanese newspaper Al Akhbar, among others.

Themes

A vast number of Latuff's cartoons are related to the Israeli-Palestinian conflict, which according to Latuff : "became important to Latuff after he visited the area in the late 1990s." These cartoons are heavily critical of Israel and have drawn criticism and allegations of uninhibited utilization of "judeophobic stereotypes in the service of the anti-globalisation movement."
In his We are all Palestinians (Arabic: كلنا فلسطينيون‎‎) cartoon series, various famous oppressed groups, including Jews in the Warsaw Ghetto, Black South Africans during Apartheid, Native Americans, and Tibetans in China, are all shown stating "I am Palestinian."
Latuff has also made a series of cartoons that portray Israeli Prime Minister Ariel Sharon, United States President George W. Bush, Brazilian president Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva and British PM Tony Blair among other politicians as monsters and as Nazis.
Latuff is also critical of US military action in Iraq and Afghanistan. He has made promotional cartoons for anti-US militancy as well as cartoons alleging US actions have been motivated by the chance of making profit from oil. Among the cartoons, there are also some that portray US soldiers as severely wounded, dead, or paraplegic or as harming Iraqi civilians.

In his comic series Tales of Iraq War (Arabic: حكايات من حرب العراق‎‎) he portrays "Juba, the Baghdad sniper", an Iraqi insurgency character claimed to have shot down several dozen US soldiers, as a "superhero". He has also made a caricature of US President George W. Bush laughing over US casualties.
Since the end of 2010, he has been consistently engaged in producing cartoons about the Arab Spring in which he openly sided with the revolutionaries. After the victory of revolutions in Tunisia, Egypt and Libya his cartoons about these countries have focused on the menace of counter-revolution or Western interference. Some of his cartoons have been displayed in mass demonstrations in Arab countries.

Allegations of antisemitism

The notability of Latuff and his cartoons has drawn criticism from individuals and organizations, especially in the form of accusations of antisemitism.
His works were criticized by a writer for the Institute for Global Jewish Affairs, part of the Jerusalem Center for Public Affairs (an Israeli NGO), for allegedly containing antisemitism and antisemitic motifs.
In 2002 the Swiss-based Holocaust survivors organization Aktion Kinder des Holocaust sued the Indymedia of Switzerland on the charge of antisemitism for publishing Latuff's cartoon titled We are all Palestinians series in their website, which depicted a Jewish boy in the Warsaw Ghetto saying: "I am Palestinian." The criminal proceedings were suspended by Swiss court.[citation needed]
In their 2003 Annual Report, the Stephen Roth Institute compared Latuff's cartoons of Ariel Sharon to "the antisemitic caricatures of Philipp Rupprecht in Julius Streicher's Der Stürmer." The SRI also complained over a cartoon showing Argentinian revolutionary Che Guevara in a Palestinian keffiyeh.
In 2006, Latuff placed second for his cartoon comparing the West Bank barrier with the Nazi concentration camps, in the Iranian 'International Holocaust Cartoon Competition'. Latuff's entry was described as "Holocaust inversion," a "motif" of antisemitism, by Manfred Gerstenfeld.
Joel Kotek, a professor at Belgium’s Free University of Brussels, in his book Cartoons and Extremism calls Latuff “the contemporary Drumont of the internet.” Eddy Portnoy, in The Jewish Daily Forward, reviewing the book, writes that Latuff material is "often terribly obnoxious... but it is a stretch to categorize his cartoons as antisemitic, and it is a disservice to the fight against genuine antisemitism to have included [the Latuff cartoons]".

Latuff's response

In an interview with the Jewish-American weekly newspaper The Forward in December 2008, Latuff responded to charges of antisemitism and the comparisons made between his cartoons and those published in Der Stürmer in Nazi Germany:
My cartoons have no focus on the Jews or on Judaism. My focus is Israel as a political entity, as a government, their armed forces being a satellite of U.S. interests in the Middle East, and especially Israeli policies toward the Palestinians. It happens to be Israeli Jews that are the oppressors of Palestinians... My detractors say that the use of the Magen David in my Israel-related cartoons is irrefutable proof of antisemitism; however, it’s not my fault if Israel chose sacred religious motifs as national symbols, such as the Knesset Menorah or the Star of David in killing-machines like F-16 jets.
Latuff also stated that anti-Semitism is real, that anti-Semites like European neo-Nazis, "hijack" the Palestinian cause to bash Israel. To assert, however, that anti-Zionism is anti-Semitic is, in his view, "a well-known tactic of intellectual dishonesty." He said that political cartoonists work by metaphors, and that similarities can be found between the IDF treatment of Palestinians and what Jews experienced under the Nazis. Such comparisons are not created by cartoonists, he added, but are made worldwide. He instanced the fact that a Holocaust survivor like Tommy Lapid reacted to the image of a Palestinian woman foraging in the rubble by thinking of his grandmother who died in Auschwitz. The use of cartoons insulting Muslims by depicting Muhammad as a bomber is defended as "freedom of speech", while using the Holocaust in drawings is deplored as "hatred against the Jews".
Latuff was included in Simon Wiesenthal Center's 2012 Top Ten Anti-Israel/Anti-Semitic Slurs list, which he considered "a joke worthy of a Woody Allen movie". He also claimed that Zionist lobbying groups try to associate him with well-known extremists and racists in order to disqualify his criticism of the Israeli government. According to him, "criticism or even attacks to the polity known as Israel do not mean hatred towards Jews because the Israeli government does not represent the Jewish people just as no government represents the totality of its people". He also pointed out that figures such as José Saramago, Desmond Tutu and Jimmy Carter were also accused of being antisemitic, saying that he was "in good company".

Saddam, 1999
Carlos Latuff
 
We can not allow nazis to use dignified Palestinian cause as a platform to launch racial hatred. I beg you all to reproduce this cartoon all over Internet. Let's say louder that we are fighting against those racist Jews who deny human rights to Palestinians, AS WELL AS racists who deny human rights to Jews." -- Carlos Latuff
Carlos Latuff - http://la.indymedia.org/news/2002/12
Nazis for Palestine? NO WAY 
 
Non possiamo permettere che i nazisti di utilizzare la dignitosa causa palestinese come una piattaforma per lanciare l'odio razziale. Vi prego tutti di riprodurre questa vignetta su  tutto  Internet. Diciamo più forte che stiamo combattendo contro quegli ebrei razzisti che negano i diritti umani ai palestinesi, NONCHÉ razzisti che negano i diritti umani per gli ebrei "-. Carlos Latuff
Carlos Latuff - http://la.indymedia.org/news/2002/12
Nazisti per la Palestina? NON C'È MODO!

Bush's war for oil 2002

Creation of a suicide bomber
Carlos Latuff - http://sf.indymedia.org/news/2002/03
"It's easy to make a bomb man

IsraHell, Burning Buses
Carlos Latuff  2003

Laughs (by Latuff).  2003

'Global Intifada' by Latuff shows a 'global persona' wearing a Keffiyeh, making the V (victory) sign with the left hand and holding a slingshot in the right hand, in front the Palestinian flag 2003 

 'Just following orders' by Carlos Latuff shows Nazi SS members compared to Israeli soldiers described as "born to kill". Text in the shape of a Nazi swastika says: "Israeli soldiers are just following orders" 2003

A 2003 cartoon by Latuff depicting Che Guevara wearing a Jewish Kippah. 

 Victory (by Latuff). 2004

Killin' in the Rain (by Latuff). 2004

 The Boy Who Cried Wolf (by Latuff), referring to the Aesop's fable of that name 2004.

 'Uncle Sam wants you DEAD!' by Latuff shows Adolf Hitler with Uncle Sam's top-hat (representing the United States) and a Nazi swastika atop it
Carlos Latuff - http://www.beirut.indymedia.org/fr/2006/04

Picture "forgiveness", depicts the reconcilement of a Jew and an Arab Palestinian.
Carlos Latuff 2004

 Solidarity to Jewish activist
Carlos Latuff 2004

Iraq war, year FOUR! 2007

Superman killed in action in Iraq
Carlos Latuff - 2007
Mothers don't like wars
Carlos Latuff 2007 


Apartheid: then and now
Carlos Latuff 2008

McCain - Obama presidential race
Carlos Latuff 2008


 Latuff comparing Gaza with a Nazi Ghetto and Israeli soldiers as SS soldiers 2008

"GazaGhetto" compares Israeli soldiers with Nazi troops during the Warsaw Ghetto Uprising 2008

Latuff's cartoons are often used in protests. This demonstration was against Folha de S.Paulo's usage of the term "ditabranda" to describe the Brazilian military dictatorship (1964–1985)
revista Forum - Ditabranda
Branda. Pra quem?. Por Camila Souza Ramos e Marília Melhado.

Carlos Latuff's cartoon "Holocaust Remembrance Day". It was offered as material for teachers training on a website run by the Education Ministry of the Flemish Region in Belgium
Carlos Latuff 2009

Denouncing Israel's war crimes is Anti-Semitism
Carlos Latuff - 2009

Israeli Palestinian sides
Carlos Latuff 2009

Solidarity with Tristan Anderson
Carlos Latuff - 2009
Tristan Anderson and all the activists wounded or killed by Israeli Occupation Forces
 War in Afghanistan 
Carlos Latuff 2009


A cartoon by Carlos Latuff depicting the Gaza flotilla raid. 2010

 Portrait of Dilma Rousseff as President of Brazil
Carlos Latuff 2010
 
Pope Benedict XVI handing Serra buttons instead of communion wafers
Carlos Latuff 2010  
 
 L'attivista Vittorio Arrigoni con Handala
Carlos Latuff (with minor cropping from the original version) - http://twitpic.com/4l1xt3
Disegno di Vittorio Arrigoni e Handala

 A political cartoon on the 2011 Tunisian revolution depicting Guevara with the Tunisian flag on his beret instead of his usual red star
Carlos Latuff 2011
 Bahrain royal family orders army to open fire on unarmed protesters
Carlos Latuff 2011


Bashar al-Assad seated on top of a volcano called Syria.
Carlos Latuff 2011
The Great Satan 2011 

A poster for Saudi Arabia's #women2drive Movement. 2011

SCAF is the best friend of Egyptians.
Carlos Latuff 2011




Libya`s future 2011
Carlos Latuff
O futuro da Líbia de mastro em mastro.
 Hosni Mubarak facing the Tunisian domino effect  2011
Political cartoon applying the domino theory to the Arab Spring. This cartoon has been mentioned in a Domino Theory article about old Communist-Capitalist wars including Vietnam, Korea and so on.
Tribute to White Power

If Recep Tayyip Erdoğan Presidency of the Republic of Turkey & AK Parti want to be honest to their people and the world, should use this toon as official poster of #Turkey

 Solidariedade ao MST - Movimento dos Trabalhadores Sem Terra
Via Diário do Centro do Mundo


 20 de novembro
Dia da Consciência Negra
Para a Fenasps http://www.fenasps.org.br/


 Cartoon of the Day: Muslim Vote in the U.S. Election
Via IRDProject.com
cc Hillary Clinton Donald J. Trump


 Sorry, Melania Trump...that's what your husband really deserve, via Roberto De Niro!
Cc Donald J. Trump



Erotismo botânico.
Você gosta?
 
#FBCensorPalestine
 
 Cartoon of the Day: UK to Build a Wall at Calais to Stop Migrants
Via altagreer.com
cc Theresa May
 
Cartoon of the Day
Look at Donald J. Trump voters!
Via Mondoweiss
 
  
...a suivre... 

 

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