Rick GriffinRick Griffin (nome completo Richard Alden Griffin; 18 giugno 1944 – 18 agosto 1991) è stato un grafico nel campo della progettazione e della realizzazione di poster psichedelici negli anni sessanta.
Dopo aver frequentato la High School, lavorò nello staff del Surfer Magazine, dove creò la propria striscia di fumetti sul surf. Dopo aver visto i poster del rock psichedelico prodotti da Stanley Mouse e da Alton Kelly, Griffin nell'autunno del 1966 decise di trasferirsi a San Francisco, dove disegnava poster nel salotto della propria casa.
La sua prima esposizione d'arte venne vista e apprezzata dagli organizzatori dello Human Be-In, che gli chiesero di realizzare un poster per il loro evento del gennaio 1967. Anche Chet Helms venne colpito molto favorevolmente dall'opera di Griffin e gli chiese di creare dei poster per le feste all'Avalon Ballroom: questo evento portò Griffin a creare il poster per un concerto dei The Charlatans. Alla fine di queste fortunate vicende, Griffin venne contattato e assunto dalla Berkeley Bonapart, una delle più famose agenzie di creazione e distribuzione di poster del tempo, dove poté incontrare e confrontarsi con i più grandi artisti del poster psichedelico degli anni sessanta, diventando parte integrante della squadra.
Il 18 agosto 1991 Griffin rimase ucciso in un incidente motociclistico in Petaluma, California. Viene ricordato per le copertine di album delle band più famose dell'acid rock, come i Quicksilver Messenger Service e i Grateful Dead.
Richard Alden "Rick" Griffin (June 18, 1944 – August 18, 1991) was an American artist and one of the leading designers of psychedelic posters in the 1960s. As a contributor to the underground comix movement, his work appeared regularly in Zap Comix. Griffin was closely identified with the Grateful Dead, designing some of their best-known posters and album covers such as Aoxomoxoa. His work within the surfing subculture included both film posters and his comic strip, Murphy.
Early lifeGriffin was born near Palos Verdes amidst the surfing culture of southern California. Griffin biographer Tim Stephenson notes:
- His father was an engineer and amateur archaeologist and as a boy Rick accompanied him on digs in the Southwest. It was during this time that Rick was exposed to the Native American and ghost town artifacts that were to influence his later work. Rick was taught to surf by Randy Nauert at the age of 14 at Torrance Beach. The pair had met at Alexander Flemming Jr. High, and were to become lifelong friends, Rick producing much of the artwork for Randy's future band, the Challengers.
PostersHe traveled with Ida on a Mexican surfing trip and later planned a move to San Francisco after seeing the psychedelic rock posters designed by Stanley Mouse and Alton Kelley. In late 1966, the couple arrived in San Francisco, where they first lived in their van before moving to Elsie Street in the Bernal Heights district. In the mid-1960s, he participated in Ken Kesey's Acid Tests. His first art exhibition was for the Jook Savages, celebrating the one-year anniversary of the Psychedelic Shop on Haight Street. Organizers for the Human Be-In saw his work and asked him to design a poster for their January 1967 event. Chet Helms was also impressed by Griffin's work and asked him to design posters for the Family Dog dance concerts at the Avalon Ballroom, which led Griffin to create concert posters for the Charlatans. In 1967, Griffin, Kelley, Mouse, Victor Moscoso and Wes Wilson teamed as the founders of Berkeley Bonaparte, a company that created and marketed psychedelic posters. Griffin returned to Southern California in 1969, eventually settling in San Clemente.
ComixGriffin was a regular contributor to Zap Comix, with his work appearing in issues #2, 3, 5–7, and 11–12. He contributed to all five issues of the comics zine Promethean Enterprises (1969–1974) and created Man from Utopia, a hybrid of illustration and comix printed by the San Francisco Comic Book Company in 1972.
Griffin also had comix work in Yellow Dog (1969–1969), Snatch Comics (1968), Bogeyman Comics (1969–1970), Jiz Comics (1969), San Francisco Comic Book (1970), Tales from the Tube (1972), and Zam (Zap Jam) (1974). His work appeared in the 1980s in Gates of Eden (1982) and Blab! (1986).
The Gospel of JohnGriffin became a born again Christian in November 1970, which led to fundamental changes in his lifestyle and in the style and content of his art. His 1973 painting Sail on Sailor for the band Mustard Seed Faith is an example of his fine art painting from this period. His most significant 1970s project was the creation of hundreds of paintings and drawings for The Gospel of John, published by the Christian record label Maranatha! Music. He also produced much album art for Maranatha! during the 1970s and 1980s.
Death and legacyRick Griffin died shortly after a motorcycle accident on August 15, 1991, in Petaluma, California. He was thrown from his Harley-Davidson motorcycle when he collided with a van that suddenly turned left as he attempted to pass it. He was not wearing a helmet and sustained major head injuries. He died three days later, on August 18, in nearby Santa Rosa Memorial Hospital, at the age of 47.
His work has been cited as an inspiration by surrealistic artist Mark Wilkinson, known for his designs for bands such as Marillion, Judas Priest and Iron Maiden.
- McClelland, Gordon. The Art of Rick Griffin. Perigee Paper Tiger, 1980. Reprinted by Last Gasp, 2001.
- Harvey, Doug, edited by Susan Anderson. Heart and Torch: Rick Griffin's Transcendence. Laguna Art Museum, Gingko Press, 2007.
Murphy - Surfer Magazine 1962
Lady Luck - Zap 1963
Quicksilver - 1967
Independance - 1967
Magic Show - 1967
Pow-wow - 1967
Joint Show - 1967
Can-A-Blis - 1967
Huichol Indian - 1967
Hendrix - 1968 (with Moscoso)